Thursday, July 30, 2020
MOVIMIENTO PARA EL SOCIALISMO (MAS) – Bolivia
CONVERGENZA SOCIALISTA (CS) – Italia
AN INTERNATIONAL APPEAL FOR THE NEXT IMMINENT GENERAL ELECTION THAT WILL TAKE PLACE IN BOLIVIA IN 2020
WE POLITICALLY GIVE SUPPORT TO THE “MAS” – BY MONITORING THE ELECTION
TO THE SOCIALIST AND COMMUNIST POLITICAL PARTIES AND ORGANISATIONS AGAINST THE COUP D’ETAT AND AGAINST IMPERIALISM
The socialist and communist political parties and organisations, taking note of the serious illegal situation in Bolivia and that:
1. On 20 October 2019 Bolivians voted for the presidential elections where Evo Morales ran for the third time obtaining an overwhelming victory. After the clear victory, international pressure against Morales has become unsustainable and, on 11 November 2019, the elected President is forced to leave Bolivia by the police chief’s invitation. First by going to Mexico, then to Argentina, Morales was saved from the reaction of the coup leaders. However, this fate has not spared many other politicians, unions and simple protesters for justice and democracy.
2. After almost 14 years of presidency, Evo Morales’ forced exile - the first indigenous Bolivian President - caused a racial conflict to explode again, between the middle or rich urban classes of European descent, and those of indigenous descent, mainly workers and farmers. Evo Morales, the first native Bolivian President and union leader of the Bolivian cocaleros, a federation of campesinos Quechua e Aymara, was, and still he is today, the President to whom indigenous and farmers identify themselves, the working class.
3. From the forced Evo Morales’s exile, racial conflicts have re-emerged between the richer eastern plains, populations largely Christian and European origin, and the poorer western highlands with mainly indigenous farmers and followers of the deep-rooted belief system called the Pachamama.
4. Adriana Guzmán, a Bolivian representative of the "feminist community movement” and of indigenous women, said in an interview with the El Salto Diario magazine on November 14, 2019 that the violent groups, authors of those murders, come from the Union of Youth of Cruceñista , who in 2008 were already armed whose mission was to kill the natives. A fascist and racist group. There are also young university students, members of these groups, who have generated terror. Therefore, social organizations, formed by indigenous people and farmers, are attacked. Adriana Guzmán claimed that mainly Aymara and Quechua, both men and women, were attacked.
5. Only during the first month of the coup, in November 2019, the death toll rose to 32, with over 30 serious injuries, due to the wave of violence unleashed in the country after the elections of 20 October 2019, with the forced resignation and exile of ex-president Evo Morales.
6. The plaint blockage of the Yacimientos Petroliferos Fiscales (YPFB) in Senkata have caused fuel shortages in both El Alto and La Paz. According to local union’s data, 80% of public transport has had huge shortages in city where there is also a shortage of fruit, vegetables and meat products, such as chicken.
7. The coup has wreaked havoc and aroused fear of the return of political instability in the country, where there have been 190 coups’s attempts and revolutions since its independence in 1825, in a constant class struggle between the capital of the elites and the private sector, and rural working people.
8. The arrival of Evo Morales in power on January 22, 2006 represented a radical and positive paradigm shift for indigenous, rural and working people, in a situation dominated by pro-US political elites. The arrival of an indigenous syndicalist and farmer allowed the circles of power to enter the sectors traditionally left behind in the decision-making process, despite their majority character in the population.
9. The biggest success of the Morales governments has been the introduction of a new political Constitution that has declared Bolivia a plurinational state, allowing the self-government of indigenous peoples. In addition, the Magna Carta has created a Congress with seats reserved for groups of ethnic minorities in the country.
10. Meanwhile, the interim Áñez government, which represents the conservative and Christian sector and which it strongly depresses the hope the natives’ emancipation, declared the New Year Aymara, celebrated every 21st of June, a satanic holiday and refusing the celebration of the rituals of the Andean culture.
a) to politically support Evo Morales and the Movement for Socialism (MAS);
b) to strengthen the monitoring of the upcoming presidential elections in 2020 so that it will take place in full transparency and democratic spirit;
c) to strengthen, at international level, the spirit of political solidarity towards the MAS and to all the socialist and communist political organizations in difficulty;
d) to create an international network of mutual political support between all the signatory organizations of this appeal.
The socialist and communist political parties and organizations that sign this appeal will work together, joining forces, to achieve the above objectives.
FOR ALL HUMAN BEINGS
FOR THE WORKING CLASS
FOR SOCIALISM AND COMMUNISM