Monday, September 09, 2013

Korea: A Day to Remember

Kim Jong Un following in the footsteps of those who have gone before him
By Andy Brooks

SEPTEMBER 9th  is a special day for communists because on that day in 1948 the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was established in the free northern part of the Korean peninsula that had once been part of the Japanese Empire. It is a special day for Koreans on both sides of the divided country and amongst the overseas Korean community because on that day in 1948 the Korean people expressed their democratic will through popular power and immediately took the first steps towards building a new socialist life for the workers and peasants who had fought to free themselves from the Japanese yoke that had enslaved them for many decades.
            They were led by Kim Il Sung, the outstanding communist leader and thinker who founded of the modern Korean communist movement that began amongst the patriotic youth of Korea when he was a student in the 1920s.
From student leader to guerrilla leader, the “Young General” took up the gun to drive the Japanese colonialists out of the country. When Kim Il Sung gathered a small band of heroes to form the first guerrilla units to take on the might of the Japanese Army no one could have imagined that this would become the People’s Army that brought the American imperialists to their knees begging for an armistice in 1953.
But above all Kim Il Sung was the communist leader who built the Korean communist movement from the grass-roots in the 1920s to the Workers’ Party of Korea that was founded in 1945 and leads the Korean people from victory to victory in the 21st century.
Kim Il Sung not only grasped Marxism-Leninism but he applied it to the concrete conditions of the Korean people. He knew that once the masses realised their own strength they would become unstoppable. He knew that serving the people was the be-all and end-all for the Korean communists and for the Workers’ Party of Korea that he launched in 1945.
He developed Korean style socialism into the Juch̩ idea Рwhich elevates the philosophical principles of Marxism-Leninism as well as its economic theories Рand focuses on the development of each individual worker, who can only be truly free as part of the collective will of the masses.
When great leader Kim Il Sung passed away in 1994 the torch was taken up by Kim Jong Il, who devoted his entire life to serving the Korean people. Following Kim Il Sung’s footsteps Kim Jong Il led the Workers’ Party of Korea into the 21st century.  He too was a leading Marxist thinker who made an important contribution to modern communist theory as well as an astute statesman who led the Korean people through thick and thin to overcome natural disasters, imperialist blockade and diplomatic isolation. While ensuring the DPRK’s defence against the threats and provocations of US imperialism and its lackeys, Kim Jong Il worked tirelessly to ease tension on the Korean peninsula to pave the way towards the peaceful reunification of Korea.
Now the banner has been taken up by Kim Jong Un, the young leader of the Workers’ Party and the people of Korea, who is following in the footsteps of those who have gone before him to build a strong and prosperous democratic republic.
We believe that the will of the Korean masses, expressed in concrete terms by their vanguard party, will overcome all obstacles to fulfil the revolutionary tasks that faced the Korean people when they established the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea on 9th September 1948.
The New Communist Party of Britain joins with the millions upon millions in the world communist movement in honouring the determination and sacrifice of the Korean people to defend their people’s government, which has fulfilled the hopes and dreams of the generations that fought for freedom and socialism and will continue to do so as we advance into the 21st century.

Oliver Cromwell

Oliver Cromwell

1599 - 1658

OLIVER CROMWELL, the leader of the bourgeois English Revolution, died on 3rd September 1658. Cromwell, the MP for Huntingdon, was the leading Parliamentary commander during the English Civil War, which began in 1642 and ended in 1649 with the trial and execution of Charles Stuart and the abolition of the monarchy. The Republic of England, or Commonwealth as it was styled in English, was proclaimed soon after.
The fighting had taken a fearful toll in lives and property in England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. The death toll, including civilians, came to around 870,000, some 11.6 per cent of the pre-Civil War population. Material damage was immense, particularly in Ireland.
Royalist hopes of a counter-revolution were smashed with the defeat of their forces at the Battle of Worcester in 1651. The democratic movement born from the New Model Army, the Levellers, was crushed by Cromwell’s supporters and the most militant regiments sent to Ireland. Attempts to set up farming co-operatives by the Diggers, another group that came out of the Army, were also suppressed.
In 1653 Oliver Cromwell became head of state, the Lord Protector. By then the republic Cromwell led included England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland as well as colonies in New England and the Caribbean. During its brief life the Commonwealth became a force in Europe. Culturally it inspired the great poetry of Milton and Marvell and other radical and pacifist religious movements like the Quakers who are still with us today.
Oliver Cromwell was succeeded by his son, Richard, who was neither a politician nor a soldier. Unable to reconcile republican generals with the demands of the rich merchants and landowners to curb the influence of the New Model Army, Richard Cromwell resigned the following year. The government collapsed. The monarchy was restored in 1660 and the New Model Army was dissolved.
At the time Oliver Cromwell’s death had invoked genuine mourning. His state funeral was the biggest London had ever witnessed and the great poets of his generation, John Milton, Andrew Marvell and John Dryden, followed his coffin to Westminster Abbey.
Two years later his body was dug up and ritually hanged in public at Tyburn on the orders of the vengeful restored Stuarts.  All who had signed Charles Stuart’s death warrant, apart from a handful who managed to flee the country, were hanged, drawn and quartered. And the “good old cause” they had fought for was buried with them. It was clear that a great revolution had taken place. It is equally clear that it was incomplete. Though the Stuarts were eventually driven out in the “Glorious Revolution” of 1688 the bourgeoisie relied on the Dutch troops of William of Orange to assert the rights of their class rather than raise another New Model army of their own.
For communists the English bourgeois revolution is a paramount importance. It influenced the thinking of the leaders of the later American and French revolutions as well as those of the Victorian utopian socialist and co-operator, Robert Owen, who embodied some of the ideas of the Digger philosopher, Gerrard Winstanley, in his writings. But even today the question of the monarchy and the House of Lords is still unresolved.